How to Remove Ingrown Nails?

Nails are human organs, which protect the sensitive tips of fingers and toes. Nails support the tip portion of our fingers and toes and also protect them from injury. The nails grow faster in summer than in winter.

Human nails are made up of a protein called keratin. The nails are formed when the dense layer of keratinized cells push to your finger and toe’s surface. The skin below the nail is called the matrix. The more significant part of the nail is known as the nail plate. It looks pink because of the network of tiny blood vessels in the underlying dermis, and the whitish crescent-shaped area present at the base of the nail is the lunula. If you are facing problems with ingrown nails, then this article will provide treatments to remove ingrown nails.

Ingrown Toenails

remove ingrown nails

An ingrown toenail is a common problem in teenagers and adults from ages 20 to 40. The medical term for an ingrown toenail is unguis incarnates and onychocryptosis. This condition can be excruciating and is common in both males n females.

Ingrown Toenail- Causes

An imbalance between the size of the toenail and the enlargement of the nail skin edge causes ingrown toenails. The ingrown toenail occurs when your toenail’s edge or corner grows and curves into the surrounding skin. It usually affects the big toe. Adolescents and athletes are most affected by this problem. Some of the causes of ingrown toenails are toenail trauma, cutting toenails too short, and wearing tight shoes.

Ingrown Toenail- Signs and Symptoms

The ingrown toenail symptom includes pain, swelling, pus, malodor, and redness. Sometimes, they can be clear yellowish drainage, while young children may show signs of limping. If the ingrown toenail has been present for a long time, avascular tissue called granulation tissue may form that easily bleeds. Occasionally, the ingrown toenails resolve without treatment.

How to Remove Ingrown Toenail?

Most of the ingrown toenail problems can be solved from proper grooming of toes and wearing well-fitting shoes. While having this ingrown toenail problem, it is better to wear flip-flops, sandals, or open-toed shoes.

Home remedies

First, take a close look to see how severely ingrown your toenail is. You can treat a slightly ingrown toenail on your own.

1. Soak your feet in warm water

Leave them for about 15-20 minutes. You can do this two to three times a day. It will make your toe feel better, and it also helps with the swelling problem.

2. Put a cotton swab or dental floss under your toenail

Once you are done soaking your feet in warm water, put cotton or dental floss under the ingrown part of the toenail. This helps to grow nails above the skin.

3. Apply some antibiotic cream

You can also apply some antibiotic ointments like Neosporin. The antibiotic creams are available in the medical shop. Lastly, wrap it up in a bandage. If there is a lot of pain, then take pain medications like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or naproxen sodium to ease the pain.

Some of the steps to treat ingrown toenail problems are:

  1. Disinfect nail clippers, cuticle sticks, tweezers, and other pedicure tools by rubbing hydrogen peroxide or alcohol and letting it dry completely.
  2. Soak your foot in lukewarm water to soften the nails. You can also add tea tree oil, Epsom salt, or vinegar foot soaks to the warm water.
  3. Dry your foot and toes with a soft towel.
  4. Gently massage the area around the ingrown toenail.
  5. Using a nail file or cuticle stick, scrape the skin at the nail’s sides to remove dead skin cells.
  6. Lift your nail gently and put some cotton balls under the nail. This encourages the nail to grow in a different direction.
  7. When the toenail grows out properly, make sure you trim it correctly in a straight line using nail clippers. Please do not cut it too short or round the corners down.
  8. Clean the area with tea tree oil or other disinfectants.

Medical Treatment

If an ingrown toenail doesn’t improve with the above-mentioned home remedies, removing the toenail partially or fully may be necessary. Using a local anesthetic, the foot doctor may remove part of the nail’s border, the underlying nail bed (underlying tissue), or part of the middle growth plate. If these above-mentioned home remedies are not working for your ingrown toenail or any signs of infections, it is time to consult a doctor.

An orthopedic doctor or foot doctor called a podiatrist can treat ingrown toenails with a minor procedure. In some instances, if you have ingrown toenails often, surgery is recommended. The process involves numbing the foot or toe with an injection. You will feel no pain after injecting during the procedure. With the help of a scalpel, the skin above the ingrown toenail is removed.

If the problem is enormous, surgery is needed. The surgery process includes the use of a chemical procedure or laser. This helps remove a part of the nail bed permanently so that it no longer grows as wide.

Ingrown Toenail Aftercare

After treating your toenail, you should care for your nail. You should make sure that your toe heals appropriately and prevent any infections. After surgery or medical treatment, you need to:

  • Take pain medication if needed.
  • Take antibiotics like amoxicillin and ampicillin.
  • Apply an antibiotic ointment like Polysporin and Bactrobanto to the infected areas
  • Apply an anti-inflammatory cream if needed.
  • Keep the infected area clean and dry.
  • Wear sandals, flip-flops, or open-toed shoes.
  • Use a toe protector such as Dr. Scholl’s.
  • Try a thin and adhesive toe brace to shield your skin from an ingrown nail and lift the nail edges as your nail grows.
  • Change the dressing once in two days.
  • Consult your doctor for follow-up appointments.
  • Avoid excessive walking, running, or jogging for three to four weeks after surgery.
  • Eat balanced diet food.

If you are suffering from any fungal nail infection, then apply a medicated cream or take antifungal medication for reducing pain. And, if you have a weakened immune system or infected toenails, you may need oral antibiotics.

Preventive Measures of Ingrown Toenail

To prevent an ingrown toenail, you should follow the below-mentioned tips:

  1. Properly disinfect nail clippers and pedicure tools before and after use.
  2. As recommended by foot doctors, use large nail clippers for toes.
  3. Cut your toenails in shallow oval shape or straight.
  4. Do not cut your nails too short. The top white part of the toenails should be seen.
  5. Avoid picking or peeling at your toenails.
  6. Avoid wearing shoes that put too much stress or pressure on your shoes.
  7. If there is a sign of fungal toe infection, see your doctor for treatment.

Ingrown Fingernails

remove ingrown fingernails

Fingernails grow faster than toenails. The ingrown nail does not just happen to your toes, and your fingernails can also become ingrown. Ingrown fingernails occur less frequently as you are not squeezing your fingers into the shoes that won’t fit you well. The ingrown nails do happen and can also become infected.

Ingrown Fingernail- Causes

Some of the reasons for ingrown fingernails are injury, fungal infection, improper trimming, nail-biting, curved or thickened fingernails, and nail growth either too fast or too slow. And the most common cause is cutting the nails too short. Paronychia is an infection in the tissue surrounding the fingernail. The ingrown fingernail can also allow fungi or bacteria to enter the body, causing infections.

Ingrown Fingernail- Signs and Symptoms

If the fingernail appears to be pushing into the skin or curving downward, it is called an ingrown nail. The ingrown fingernail symptom includes pain, swelling, fever, pus or fluid, malodor, reddish streaks on the skin, and redness. If your fingernail is ingrown, one edge of the nail grows and curves into the soft skin around the finger’s sides.

How to Remove Ingrown Fingernails?

Most of the ingrown fingernail problems can be solved through proper grooming techniques and excellent care. Similar to toenails, you can also treat this problem in your home. If the problem grows day by day or you have any medical conditions like diabetes, consulting a doctor is the best option.

Home remedies

First, take a close look to see how severely ingrown your fingernail is. You can treat a slightly ingrown fingernail on your own. The best home remedy to treat your ingrown nail is by using vinegar to manage them. Some of the steps to maintain your ingrown nails are:

  • Firstly, disinfect all nail clippers, cuticle sticks, tweezers, and other pedicure tools by rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide and letting it dry completely.
  • Soak your finger in lukewarm water for 15 to 20 minutes, twice a day.

treatment to remove ingrown fingernails

  • You can also add Epsom salt, bathing soap, tea tree oil, or hydrogen peroxide to the water. It also helps in reducing swelling problems.
  • Use a clean towel, and make sure to dry the fingers after each dip.
  • You can also use soaked cotton balls or dental floss to lift the nails away from the skin surface,
  • Apply antibiotic or antifungal ointments or creams.
  • Cover the infected areas with a sterile bandage.

Medical treatment

When an ingrown fingernail causes severe infection, consult your doctor as soon as possible. The doctor can recommend several medical procedures. Surgery for ingrown nails is rarely required.

  1. Your doctor will gently lift your fingernail and insert a small wedge of cotton between your nail and the inflamed skin beside the infected nail.
  2. Your infected finger will be numbed with local anesthesia before medical treatment so that you will not feel any pain.
  3. If your ingrown fingernail has developed into an abscess, your doctor will drain it.
  4. The health professional can also remove the part of the nail, which is causing the issue.
  5. If an ingrown fingernail is not solved through home remedies or above mentioned medical treatment, surgery is the next solution.
  6. You need to see your family doctor or dermatologist for surgery. The doctors mostly use a procedure called nail avulsion.
  7. If the ingrown fingernail infection is deep, your physician may prescribe an oral antibiotic.

Ingrown Fingernail- Aftercare

After treating your fingernail, you should care about your nail. You should make sure that your finger heals appropriately and prevent any infections. After surgery or medical treatment, you need to:

  1. Take your medicine as directed by doctors.
  2. Take counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
  3. Apply an antibiotic cream like polysporin, Neosporin, bacitracin, or triple antibiotic ointments to the infected areas.
  4. Antibiotics help to treat and prevent bacterial infections.
  5. Apply an anti-inflammatory cream if needed.
  6. Keep the infected area clean and dry.
  7. Change the dressing once in two days.
  8. Consult your doctor for follow-up appointments.
  9. Eat balanced diet food.

If you are suffering from any fungal nail infection, then apply a medicated cream or take antifungal medication for reducing pain. Strut Nail Formula is a compound medication to treat fungal nail infections.

Preventive Measures of Ingrown Fingernails

To prevent an ingrown fingernail, you should follow the below-mentioned tips:

  1. Practice proper handwashing techniques.
  2. The National Institute of Health recommends people scrub their hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water.
  3. People with long fingernails should scrub underneath the nails.
  4. Properly disinfect all nail clippers and pedicure tools before and after use.
  5. As recommended by your doctors, use large nail clippers.
  6. Do not use toe clippers on fingers.
  7. Cut your fingernails in shallow oval shape or straight.
  8. Do not cut your nails too short. The top white part of fingernails should be seen.
  9. Avoid picking or peeling at your fingernails.
  10. If there is a sign of fungal nail infection, see your doctor for treatment.
About Abby Nash

Abby is one of the finest tech writers and working on the technology for a decade. The writer covers every aspect of technology to help people who struggle with technology .

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